GIỚI THIỆU BÀI HỌC
Các vấn đề về Động từ nguyên thể hay Danh động từ:
- Verbs + to-infinitives
- Verbs + to-infinitives/that clause
- Verbs + ing/to-infinitives/that clauses
- Verbs + bare infinitives/-ing
NỘI DUNG BÀI HỌC
- Verbs followed by to infinitives
- Verbs followed by to infinitives or that clause
- Verbs followed by -ing/ infinitive or that clauses
- Verbs followed by bare infinitives or -ing
Verbs followed by to infinitives
afford, ask, choose, happen, help, manage, offer, refuse, wait, want
- I can't afford to go to the cinema twice in one week.
- In the end, Laura chose to study Economics.
- Do you happen to know the time?
- Could someone help me (to) carry like this?
- Jim can't manage to come this evening.
- I offered to give her a lift, but she took a taxi.
- The manager refused to see me.
- There are some people waiting to see you.
- What do you want to do this evening?
Verbs followed by to infinitives/ that clause
- We decided to go home.
- We decided (that) we would go home.
- Mike expects to win.
- Mike expects (that) he will win.
- I hope to see you later.
- I hope (that) I'll see you later.
- Helen pretended to be ill.
- Helen pretended (that) she was ill.
- Sarah agrees to meet you after school.
- Sarah agrees that she will meet you after school.
- At school Graham learned to speak French.
- At school we learned that the Earth goes around the sun.
- You seems to know the answer!
- It seems that you know the answer.
- I wish to leave early today.
- I wish that I could leave early.
- I wish that my teacher would let me leave early.
Verbs followed by -ing
dislike, enjoy, fancy, can't help, keep, mind, practice, can't stand
- I dislike going out in the rain.
- Everyone enjoys going to parties.
- I enjoyed learning this lesson.
- Do you fancy going to the cinema?
- I can't help feeling hungry.
- Do you mind waiting?
Verbs followed by infinitives/ -ing
- The President began to speak/ speaking.
- Some people at the back continued chatting/ to chat.
- I can't bear listening/ to listen for a long time.
- What do you intend doing/ to do about it?
- I don't like watching television, I prefer reading/ to read.
- I think you should start practicing/ to practice now.
- I like to have a short walk after my evening meal. (it can be a good idea)
- I like listening to the radio. (I enjoy this)
- I hate doing the washing-up! (don't enjoy)
- I hate to tell you this, but I hate doing the washing-up! (bad idea)
- Jo has stopped learning French.
- We stopped to look at the view.
- If you have a headache, try taking two of these pills.
- Peter tried to lift the table, but it was too heavy.
Verbs followed by infinitives/ -ing/ that
- I remember telling you to take the keys!
- Then I remembered that you were out.
- Remember to take your key!
- I'll never forget learning to drive!
- I forgot that I'd promised to phone you.
- Sorry, I forgot to post your letter.
- Keeping fit means taking exercise every day!
- When I miss the bus, it means that I have to walk to school.
- Jan meant to watch the program, but she forgot.
Verbs followed by bare infinitives/ -ing
- I could feel my hands shaking with fear!
- I felt the building move!
- We watched Joe eating his lunch.
- We watched Joe eat his lunch.
In the test
1/ Phuong Dung remembers ______ a toy car on her second birthday.
B. to give
C. being given
D. to be given
2. Phuong Mai regrets ______ harder when she was at college.
A. not study
B. not studying
C. not to study
D. studying not